Multiple sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), characterised by the inflammation and decay of myelin sheaths surrounding the nerve fibre. This slows down or blocks the transfer of nerve impulses between nerve cells.
Damaged myelin in cases
of multiple sclerosis
The disease usually manifests between the ages of 20 and 45.
It is believed that the disease is caused by a combination of different factors such as genetic predisposition, environmental causes and exposure to the virus during childhood.
The symptoms of multiple sclerosis depend on the part of the body affected and the severity of inflammation of the myelin sheaths around the axons i.e. the extensions of the nerve cells. It is due to this that the symptoms for this disease differ and it is hard to predict its course.
The disease can start with neurological symptoms and signs such as weakness and clumsiness in the extremities.
Movement disorders usually affect the hands and legs and the patients often complain of fatigue and pains, especially in their legs. As the disease progresses the legs are affected by a mild form of paralysis which limits the patient’s movements.
Partial blindness and eye soreness are frequent symptoms and are caused by eye muscle weakness. Patients also complain of fatigue, weakness, dizziness and problems controlling their urination.
Possible symptoms include elevated body temperature and a variety of psychological changes (sudden mood swings, apathy, depression...). Tremors occur often, noticeable when the patient tries to move his hands or legs, and are exasperated by strong emotion, while relaxation and rest have a positive effect.
In more severe cases speech impediments are common, characterised by trembling speech (caused by vocal cord tremors), slow pronunciation of words, the pronunciation of syllables only or fast and sputtering speech.
The disease can start with more of the afore-mentioned, typical symptoms, but there are cases when patients only have one or two symptoms, which point to the disease.
The condition can have a benign or malign course and can manifest in four different types. Anticipating the progression of multiple sclerosis is not simple, all the more so because one type can turn into another over time.
With one type of the disease the patients goes trough phases where his condition further deteriorates leading to the manifestation of new symptoms or the intensifying of old ones. In phases of remission, a state where the disease recedes, the patients state returns to what it was before the disease got worse or to a slightly worse version of that state. With other types, after the deterioration of the patient’s state there is no recovery but rather the damage gets worse as time passes and there is a continued progression of the disease with short phases of improvement and stabilisation. The disease can also start getting progressively worse from the very beginning with the onset of acute deterioration with or without recovery to the state prior to deterioration.
For treatment corticosteroids, beta-interferon or gama globulin are used to alleviate the symptoms of the fits that the patient experiences.
Apart from medication physical therapy is also necessary.
Application of the"Bond-ex therapy"
Female, 38 years old
She's been having back pain for the last five years. Since last year she has had occasional shudders and the feeling of electric current in her legs and hands. She was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 2010.
When she first arrived on the 10th of November 2010 she had reduced sense of touch in her face, neck, chest and hands, her mobility was reduced, she was suffering from fatigue and would tire quickly, she had lower back pain, the shudders and the feeling of electrical current in her arms and legs was getting more frequent. Her vision was becoming less keen.
After 4 treatments (within a week of her first visit) the shudders and the feeling of electrical current were weaker and appeared less often, the sense of touch in her face, neck, chest and right hand had improved.
After 8 treatments (within three weeks of her first visit) the shudders and feeling of electrical current were appearing even less often and her sense of touch was significantly improved, her mobility, stamina and sight had also improved.
After 12 treatments (within two months of her first visit) the shudders and feeling of electrical current were very rare and her sense of touch was only occasionally slightly reduced. Fatigue would only set in after hard work, she very rarely had back pain, her sight had improved by a large margin, her concentration and psychological state had also vastly improved.
Six months after her first visit and occasional treatments the shudders and feeling of electrical current were appearing in very large intervals and had very short duration, her sense of touch was normal. The last three month her psychological state was very good as was her memory, her sight had returned to normal (she would only sometimes for a short period experience a relapse of slight vision loss). There was no fatigue after regular daily activities.
Twelve months after her first visit and occasional treatments all achieved improvements had kept; the shudders and feeling of electrical current in the arms and legs were consistently more rare and less intensive, her sight was as it had been before the first symptoms of multiple sclerosis, her sense of touch was normal throughout the body, mobility was the same as it had been before the first symptoms, lower back pain was rarely experienced, her concentration are psychological state were good.
Female, 58 years old
She was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis when she was 36 (in 1989).
When she first arrived on the 14th of June 1999 at the age of 46 she was not able to walk unassisted (she used crutches), the sense of touch in her feet and legs was greatly diminished, her mobility was poor and her hands clumsy, numbness was present in her whole body and her psychological state was poor.
After 4 treatments (within a week of her first visit) her hand movement had improved, her leg movement was more unconstrained, the sense of touch in her feet and legs was better, the shudders and feeling of electrical current were slightly less pronounced.
After 8 treatments (within three weeks of her first visit) her walking was steadier, she was sometimes able to walk unassisted without crutches when she held on to something. Hand coordination was much better, sensation in her whole body had improved, shudders and the feeling of electrical current in the body occurred less often and her psychological state had improved as well.
After 12 treatments (within two months of her first visit) the sense of touch in her legs was a lot better and the shudders and feeling of electrical current less frequent. She was able to walk unassisted without crutches, her hand movements were almost normal, her psychological state was improving (she was more sure of herself, she was hopeful the improvements would be permanent).
After six months and occasional treatments the sense of touch in her legs was even better, she was walking unassisted even outside her home, was able to walk for longer periods, she had more stamina, her hand movements were normal and her psychological state very good.
Twelve months after her first visit and six months without treatment, she was able to walk for 3.7 miles without assistance. The steadiness of her walk, her body movement while walking, crouching and bending over did not let on that this was a person that had been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis 22 years ago. After 3.7 miles of walking she needed to rest.
Now, after 11 years, all the improvements have kept.
Female, 38 years old
She was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis when she was 30 (in 2003).
When she first arrived on the 2-nd of February 2005 at the age of 32, shudders and the feeling of electrical current were present quite often in her hands, legs and along her spine; she was also suffering from fatigue.
After 7 treatments (within three weeks of her first visit) the shudders and the feeling of electrical current were appearing less often.
After 12 treatments (within two months of her first visit) the shudders and the feeling of electrical current in her hands, legs and along her spine were even more rare, there was less fatigue and it occurred less often, she was doing better psychologically.
Six months after her first visit and occasional treatments the shudders and the feeling of electrical current were even more rare, she was rarely tired and was doing even better psychologically.
A year and a half after her first visit and occasional treatments she was only tired after larger and longer forms of exertion, psychologically she was doing really well. During the last year the shudder and the feeling of electrical current occurred very rarely.
A magnetic resonance imager result in 2007 determined that there were no lesions on the brain that had been present in the first test results and the spinal cord had 50% less lesions compared to the first test results.
From 2007-2011 she underwent only a couple of treatments. The shudders and the feeling of electrical current are very rare and do not last long. The magnetic resonance imager results done each year show no progression of the disease, that there are no brain lesions and that the spinal cord had 50% less lesions compared to the first MRI results.
The success rate for the application of this therapeutic method with people diagnosed with multiple sclerosis depends a lot on the state the patient is in on his first visit and especially on the psychological state of the patient. Experience has shown that people that were in severe stages of the disease (walking with aids, low mobility of hands and difficulty with speech) had very good results; unassisted and proper walking, great strength, precise hand movements and normal speech. In some cases the first results are apparent quite fast (within the first month of treatment).